- Traveling with children takes a little extra planning, because we are responsible not only for ourselves, but for our children as well. Taking into account that planning is the hardest part of journey, we offer you some tips which can maximize the fun and minimize the headaches connected with family trip.
- At first research any restrictions on the children, as well as reservation times, for example, reservations of meals and attractions.
- It is important to find out whether the accommodation in your destination provides or rents items for kids, for example, strollers, high-chairs or toys. If these things are accessible in your accommodation, you avoid additional bag fees and backaches.
- Take sturdy and dark-colored clothes which can be worn more than one time before washing. When it comes to children clothes, you have to think practically. Think about layers, namely, take some cardigan or sweater which will work after the sun goes down. It it is possible, take two swimming suits, so that your child should not wear a wet or damp suit. If your child has a special doily or toy, do not forget it, because sometimes children cannot even fall asleep without it.
- You have to take into account that shops and grocery stores overseas may not provide your preferred brand of baby food or diapers, therefore, buy a spare for the entire trip. If you are sure that you will have an access to what you need, buy necessary things for one or two days and plan to re-stock. If you are traveling by plane, bring more diapers than necessary in case of unforeseen delays. Do not forget to purchase a travel sized package of disinfectant wipes – they can be useful both for you and your children.
- If you are traveling with a car and your children cannot get comfortable in a car seat, do not schedule your trip over naptime or bedtime, otherwise your children may become moody. If you are driving longer than 7 hours, break up the trip with a meal. It should be mentioned that a lot of canteens have special playgrounds for kids which can burn off their energy. Do not forget about different snacks, even if meal stops are planned. Ideally, each child has their own plastic cup of snacks which can be refilled as needed.
- Think about pastime – it can be some game, book or even portable computer such as tablet or laptop. Remember to bring headphones to not to disturb others. Also drawing and coloring activities are great, but do not take big-sized packs of markers or crayons – a small pack of crayons is enough. You can also make old toys “new” by hiding them for at least month before the trip, thereby saving money for your vacation.
- Each day plan a downtime for children to rest, because kids may not adjust immediately to changes of time zone and environment. Remember to capture all the wonderful memories with your camera, because after years you will remember the time together, not the headaches.
If you are planning your first journey somewhere abroad or you just have not done it for some time and you need to refresh your basic knowledge about preparing for trip, this article is for you. Here is list of tips which should be taken into account before international travelling, so you can enjoy your vacation without worrying.
At first let’s see tips which are connected with your health and security.
Before every longer trip it is useful to see your doctor and your medical insurance provider. See your doctor to know whether you have all of necessary vaccinations, especially when you are planning to go to tropical countries. Do not forget to check whether you have renewed all of essential prescriptions, especially if you are using specific medications. Talk to your insurer to know whether your medical insurance policy applies overseas emergencies. If your policy does not applies overseas emergencies, it is recommended to add extra coverage, purchasing additional insurance.
None of international trips is imaginable without identity documents – passports. Taking into account the importance of this document, it is recommended to bring copies of your passport. Nobody is protected against theft or loss of passport, therefore, if you want to be sure that you can still get back home or be able to prove your citizenship, make a copy of your passport. You should leave a copy of your passport at home or with someone your trust as well, which will serve as extra backup. Nowadays it is possible to make an electronic copy which can be stored in email account. Another option for safety and security abroad is registration with embassy – in case of some problems in the country, your government will be able to contact you and get you to safety much easier.
Now let’s look at tips which are connected with another essential thing for travelling – the money.
It is important to find out the currency of target country, as well as the currency exchange rate to know how much money have to be exchanged and taken with you. Do not forget to make sure that your credit card will function in the country you are planning to visit. It is recommended to have local cash as well, because there can be places which do not take credit cards, for example, public transport such as buses and trains. If you need to withdraw the money from a credit card, go to ATMs or a bank in the country which you are visiting, because there you will not get charged so many fees and the conversion will be exact. Sometimes it is useful to inform your bank or credit card provider, because they may think that fraud is occurring if transactions are suddenly happening in other country, and they may turn off your credit card for security reasons. Do not forget to check the country’s entrance and exit fees which can be applied for travellers – unfortunately, these fees are not included in airline ticket’s price, and may be quite high.
It is clear that you are travelling to another country in case to get to know it, but it is useful to do the local research before the trip as well.
If you clearly know which are those places which you want to visit, buy tickets for them now. Buying in advance keeps you away from lines and allows to find more deals which are targeted toward you. If you are travelling to absolutely unknown country, it is recommended to get some guidebooks which usually include maps and the most popular and useful phrases or keywords. Qualitative guide books give enough information about certain things, so the tourist does not need to purchase the pamphlet at the venue. Nowadays there are a lot of different applications which can be useful during travelling. To save the money get necessary applications before the journey, avoiding downloading them from your wireless carrier. Do not forget to research special events to attend, as well as few national dishes to try, because it would be silly to leave the country without experiencing what it is known for.
Today, when almost everything is electronic, it is necessary to think about your electronics as well.
Bring a charger adapter with you, but remember that different countries have different voltage and plugs. Check the voltage of your electronics and purchase suitable socket converters, because your electronics will be senseless without appropriate plugs. Do not forget to activate your phone’s global capabilities to set the appropriate time and other specific indicators. The greatest advantages of electronics such as smart phones are different applications which are specially made for travellers and tourists.
When we think about travelling abroad, we imagine a big luggage full of different things for all occasions, because it is one of most necessary things for comfortable and nice travelling.
If there is enough space, pack an extra set of clothes in your carry-on bag to be sure you have some clothes to wear in case of loss of theft of your luggage. Each airline has its own guidelines regarding number of bags which can be carried on for free, so find out your airline’s rules to avoid any additional fees. Everyone, who has travelled abroad, knows that eating in a foreign country can sometimes become a complicated task. On this account it is recommended to bring small snacks which can tide you until you find appropriate cafeteria or grocery store.
Every year the Global Peace Index measures the relative position of countries’ peacefulness, drawing up charts which are very useful for everyone who loves to travel all around the world. There are 22 indicators which are examined and taken into account to determine the position of 162 countries. These indicators include the number of internal and external conflicts, the number of deaths caused by organized external conflicts, the number of deaths caused by organized internal conflicts, the level of terrorist activity, the level of violent crime, the political instability, the relationships with neighbor countries etc.
There is the list of most dangerous countries in the world according to the last Global Peace Index which should be taken into account before planning of international trip. Iceland is the most peaceful country in the world, but in the recent reports of most dangerous countries in the world Syria stands at the top position.
Syria, as mentioned before, is the most dangerous country in the world because of its civil war and the rise of ISIS – the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham. Syria has been put at the top position, taking into account following factors – murder levels, terrorism, military expentidure, as well as perceptions of criminality. Interesting, but in the year of 2008 Syria was 88th most peaceful country in the world.
It is not a secret that the United States of America invaded Afghanistan after Twin Tower attacks on 11th of September. The conflict which is also known as American war in Afghanistan started in 2001 and is still going on. The aim of this war was to dismantle the al-Qaeda and to remove the Taliban from power. There is no detailed information about how much thousands of people have been killed since 2001.
The Ukrainian government was blamed for the crash of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 which was shot down on 17th of July, 2014 when it was flying over the conflict area in Ukraine. To stop the protests in Ukraine which started already in February, 2014, the Ukrainian government launched a military counter-offensive, taking thousands of lives.
The conflict in Iraq was also started by the United States of America in the year of 2003. In first 3-4 years of war more than 600 thousands people were killed and the governance of Saddam Hussein was toppled. The United States of America withdrew in the year of 2011, but nothing has stopped – the civil war has continued. The main cause of this civil war is the Islamic state which keeps expanding and occupying territories of country.
The first war in Sudan was First Sudanese Civil War which took place from 1955 to 1972. The second war in Sudan was Second Sudanese Civil War which took place from 1983 to 2005, but the third war in Sudan was South Sudanese Civil War which took place from 2003 till present. Of course, there have been many other internal conflicts as well. Sudan is the country which still suffers from severe Islamic laws and intense slavery.
There are terrorists and rebel activities which make Pakistan as one of the most dangerous countries in the world. Apart from terrorists and rebels, Pakistan faces many other challenges such as poverty, illiteracy and corruption.
If you are planning to travel on roads or skies with your four-legged friend – dog or cat -, have a look at following tips to make your trip as enjoyable as possible.
It is recommended to have a trial trip, namely, before a long trip take some shorter drives to see how your pet responds and feels.
Remember to restrain your little friend, because unrestrained pets threaten not only the driver, but also themselves – they are more likely to be injured in an accident. You can restrain your pet with special barrier, seat belt, car seat or travel crate.
Dogs usually enjoy sticking their head out of the window, but riding like this can cause damages or ears or even lung infections. You cannot also guarantee that there are no walls, branches or other barriers which can traumatize your furry friend.
It is recommended to attach a second tag to pet’s collar which includes phone number and address of where you are planning to stay during your trip. Bring also medical records in case of your pet’s emergency.
Do not forget about stops every 2 to 3 hours for your pet to pee and poop, as well as to get some exercise.
Not only you, but also your pet feels the thirst, therefore, keep a gallon of fresh and cold water on hand to ensure your pet’s hydration during the trip.
In no case leave them alone, because the temperature inside a car is much higher than outside. The temperature from 85 degrees to 110 degrees may rise only in 10 minutes, which can be deadly. If you go somewhere, where pets are not allowed, leave them at home or at a special hotel, rather than car.
Explore all regulations and fees related to pets which can vary depending on airlines and whether your pet flies in the cabin or as a baggage. Do not forget to check and airline’s history of flying animals.
If it is possible, choose an airline which offers conditions which are specially adapted for pets, for example, climate-controlled cabins and a flight attendants who check your pet every 15 minutes.
If your pets are very young, very old, has poor health or is snub-nosed, it is best to leave them at home, because they might not survive. It is recommended to consult your veterinarian, especially if your pet has not traveled before or it has some health problems.
If you are traveling abroad, find out an information about necessary vaccinations for your pet.
Prepare or purchase the carrier which has enough space for your pet to turn around and stand. If it is the first time when your pet is traveling, spend some time for getting your pet used to being in the carrier. Remember to attach contact information to both the collar and the carrier.
Before the flight take your pet for a walk or play with it, because the more tired your pet will be, the more likely it will sleep during the trip.
Think about your pet’s favorite toy or blanket which can help to feel more comfortable during the journey.
Do not forget to book pet-friendly hotels and some places where you are allowed to take your four-legged companion.
Of course, there are certain restrictions for pregnant women who are planning to travel, but most pregnant women can travel safely with a little advance preparation. If you are one of those pregnant women who are planning an international trip, follow the tips below which will help you and your baby to stay safe and healthy.
Think about travel health insurance and pre-travel care
It is recommended to see a doctor who specializes in travel medicine at least 4 weeks before your trip abroad. A doctor who specializes in travel medicines can review your planned route, make recommendations which are based on health risks at different destinations, as well as give you necessary vaccines. You should talk to your obstetrician as well, so she or he can make sure that you can travel safely. Your travel medicine doctor and your obstetrician should talk to each other about your care and safety.
You have to think about your care overseas, because your health insurance in one country might not repay medical services in other country. Taking into account this fact, get in touch with your insurance company. Remember to make sure that the health insurance policy also covers the baby if you give birth during your journey. Everyone who travels abroad should obtain a policy which covers medical evacuation in case of emergency. Also supplemental travel health insurance is a good idea.
Think about transportation
Before you buy airline tickets, find out how late in your pregnancy a given airline will let you fly. Majority of airlines lets pregnant women fly until 36 weeks, but some of them have an earlier cutoff. You have to know that your feet may become swollen on a long flight, so think about loose clothing and comfortable shoes, as well as walk around every hour. To avoid the risk of blood clot, think about compression stockings or some leg exercises which you can perform while sitting in your seat.
Not only airlines, but also cruise lines have restrictions regarding pregnant women, therefore, before going on a cruise find out whether cruise lines have specific guidance for pregnant women. Most of cruise lines do not allow to travel after 24 – 28 weeks, as well as pregnant women may need to have a note from their doctor which proves that they are fit to travel on a cruise.
It is important to wear a seat belt while driving in a car or a bus, but straps should be placed below and above a stomach.
Think about food and water
If you eat or drink contaminated food or water, you can get a travelers’ diarrhea. One of biggest problems connected with travelers’ diarrhea is dehydration which is particularly dangerous for pregnant women. Also certain bacteria and viruses which are spread by food and water can lead to severe illnesses, causing different health problems for pregnant women and their babies. Taking into account these risks, be careful choosing food and water, namely, eat only cooked and hot food, eat peeled and washed fruits and vegetables, drink only bottled and sealed water and drinks, do not eat cold or room-temperature food, do not eat undercooked meat and fish, as well as unpasteurized dairy products. Avoid drinks with ice, because ice may be made of contaminated water.
Watch out for malaria
Every woman who is pregnant should not travel to areas with risk of malaria. If you have to travel to such areas, talk to your doctor about taking drugs which can prevent malaria. As you know, malaria is spread by mosquitoes, so obtain some insect repellents for additional protection.
Everyone who have ever traveled knows that traveling is a great experience, but, unfortunately, sometimes the trip may end up with unpleasant event, for example, with robbery or sexual harassment. Traveling is more dangerous for women, especially if they are traveling alone. If you are a woman and you are concerned about your safety during traveling, follow the tips below and stay safe everywhere you travel.
Firstly, you have to think about your clothing and how it will fit in with local dressing traditions. Look around what are local women wearing. Nowadays we do not have to go somewhere to see local dressing traditions – everything can be found in the Internet. It is recommended not to wear expensive jewelery, because it may provoke thieves to commit a crime. Regardless of whether you are married or not, wear a wedding ring to prevent any kind of harassment.
Maybe you are a sociable extrovert, but be wary of new “friends”, because you do not know their hidden intentions. In no case do not give out too many details about your travel plans and tell strangers where you are staying, especially if you are traveling alone. If you are receiving unwelcome remarks or propositions, just ignore them. Always act confidently, otherwise you may become a victim of criminals. Some people like spontaneous adventures, but if you want to stay safe, plan your daily route – know where to go, what to do and how to get back. Majority of hotels and hostels have cards with contact information, so take one of them to know where to get back.
Even if you are experienced hitchhiker, never hitchhike or accept car rides from strangers, because you do not know what is going on in their minds. Instead of hitchhiking ask your hotel or hostel to recommend some taxi company. When you call a taxi, try to pair up with someone you know so not to drive alone. Every time you feel uncomfortable or in danger, draw attention to yourself somehow, for example, by shouting and making a fuss. If you are in some English-speaking country, you can receive more attention by shouting “Fire!” rather than “Help!”.
If you are planning to go out at night, do not forget to tell someone where you are going and when you are planning to return. Be aware of people who appear drunk, make you feel guilty if you resist their advances or ignore your personal space. Always carefully consider whether you should leave the resting place with someone you have just met, because you do not know this person.
We have to talk about drugs which are increasingly being used in rape. If someone adds drugs to your drink, you will not detect them, because they are normally colorless and tasteless. Despite the fact, that alcohol is the most frequent used drug in rape, rape drugs can also be added in non-alcoholic drinks, for example, tea or coffee. Knowing this fact, never leave your drink unattended and do not accept any drink from strangers. If you began to feel drunk, sick or strange after only a couple of drinks, tell it to someone you trust and who could take you to a safe place. If you are alone, phone the local police or a hospital.
When you are checking in your hotel or hostel use only your first initial and no title such as Miss, Ms or Mrs. Remember not to leave your keys where someone can note the number of your room. It is important not to leave your window open, especially if you are staying in the room which is on the ground floor or has a balcony. Always lock the door of your room, even when you are inside of it. For extra security use a door wedge on the inside of your room door. If the door of your room has a chain or spy-hole, use them before opening the door for unexpected visitors.
It is recommended to get at least two credit cards in case one is stolen, lost or broken. It is great if these credit cards are issued by different payment networks, for example, one of them is Visa credit card, but other is MasterCard credit card. One of biggest mistakes is assuming that our ATM card works at every international destination, because it is not. Get in touch with your bank to find out whether your card works in the country which you are planning to visit. Remember to notify your card providers that you are going traveling, so they will not decline your charges.
Photocopy the most important documents and things such as passport or ID card, tickets, as well as credit and debit cards. Leave these copies with someone you trust at home and keep additional copies locked in your accommodation. You can also scan or take pictures of most important documents and keep them is your laptop, phone, e-mail, Google cloud or Dropbox. If it is possible, protect access to your files with a password. Another option is to store confidential information as an encrypted PDF.
If you travel to the country where your close friend or business colleague lives, ask whether he or she will be able to exchange your currency. It is a good way to avoid fees at conventional money-exchange offices. If your friend or colleague does not want your currency, ask them to exchange your money, because they can get a better exchange rate for you than you could by yourself. It is recommended to examine exchange rates before exchanging any currency. Do not forget to count the exchanged money yourself in front of the clerk to be sure that everything is correct.
If your bank does not charge an ATM fee, withdraw your money from an ATM, because ATM offers a better exchange rate than currency exchange office. If your card’s password consists of letters, find out corresponding numbers, because a lot of foreign ATM do not have letters. If it is possible, use an ATM inside of bank, rather than somewhere outside where your card’s information can be stolen. If you need to withdraw more money, get in touch with your bank to increase the daily cash withdrawal limit for your travel days.
Everyone who travels has to know that a lot of European canteens and shops only accept cash or chip-embedded credit cards, therefore, take it into account if you are planning your trip to Europe. These credit cards are vulnerable to electronic pickpockets, therefore, it is recommended to buy chip card sleeve protectors which are able to block the transmission of radio frequency identification signals. Another option is usage of prepaid credit card which avoids unauthorized access to your conventional credit card. If you prefer to use a credit card, you have to know that in some countries 2.5 to 3.9 percent surcharge is added to purchase which is made using credit cards.
When you are planning an international journey, research tipping etiquette in advance. A service charge is often included in bills, but if you are not sure about it, just leave a tip. When you are going through airport security, put your things on the conveyer belt only then, when you are ready to step through the screening portal to protect your things from thieves. When you leave your accommodation, keep your valuables such as passports and electronics safely locked in your accommodation. Leaving your accommodation, avoid keeping your cash and credit cards in the same place – do not keep them in the same bag or pocket, but carry them in multiple areas on your body. Explore modern possibilities for safe and comfortable carrying of money, for example, hands-free carry cases from PortaPockets.
- Travel during the cheapest times. It is not a secret that the price of flights depends on the month, day and even time of travel. Compare flight prices across a whole year to see when flights are the cheapest. You can also find the cheapest flights from any airport, using specialized websites.
- If it is possible, avoid weekends and holidays, because then tickets are the most expensive. You have to take into account not only your country’s holidays, but your destination’s holidays as well. Travel off-season, because then everything is cheaper and destination is less crowded.
- If money is more important than time, fly indirectly, because flights with a stop-over are cheaper than direct flights. Mix and match your airlines, because you can save money by flying with different airlines from different airports.
- If you have to leave your car at the airport during your trip, book your parking in advance, because booking on the flight day is more expensive.
- Fly from an airport which offers the cheapest flights. There may be an airport near your home, but it may be cheaper to fly from an airport which is slightly further away. It may be cheaper even if you have to pay for a bus or train ticket to reach it.
- Instead of eating and drinking on the airplane or in the airport, bring your own snacks in hand-luggage.
- If you are worried about excess baggage charges, buy one luggage and one hand-luggage which are maximum amount of luggage and do not require check-in costs. Remember to weight your luggage before you leave home to not to exceed the permitted weight and pay additional charges. Take out any unnecessary things if you are over the limit.
- If you do not mind, try a house swap or rent a private room instead of a hotel room. There are a lot of websites which collect an information about private accommodations which are specially designed for travelers and tourists. Needless to say, that accommodations like these are much cheaper than hotel rooms.
- Use your smartphone’s applications which can offer everything, including travel maps, guides and phrasebooks. By downloading these applications you can save not only cash, but also space in your case, avoiding excess baggage charges.
- Eat like locals, saving money and avoiding unhealthy imported food. Another option is shopping in local supermarkets and stocking up from breakfast in hotel buffet.
- You can also save on foreign currency exchange. Money withdrawal abroad can cost a lot in charges, therefore, take out larger sums so you are charged less frequently. Also usage of debit card can be cheaper than usage of credit card because of commission fee for cash withdrawal. Exchange currency before you arrive at the airport, thereby obtaining the best rate and saving money.
- Purchase cheaper travel insurance. You have to know that buying of annual travel insurance policy is cheaper than buying of travel insurance for a single trip.
Become a photographer
Nowadays you do not have to be a professional photographer to take priceless pictures of overseas places, people or food. Everything you need is a camera. It can be a conventional camera or even camera in your smartphone. Learn some useful tricks how to edits pictures in different photo editing programs. When you have edited your pictures into works of art, upload them on some photo stock website. It will allow you to earn some money – you will get commission from each sale of your pictures.
Become a blogger
Writing a blog has a lot of advantages. One of them is making money out of it. Having your own website allows to become an affiliate, sell your own products, as well as attract sponsors. Nowadays the cost of domain, hosting and theme is sufficiently low, so anyone can afford it. Of course, it is not so easy as it might seem, because everything has to be right to earn money from it. You can get ideas and inspiration from successful blogging, watching what other bloggers do in their blogs. You can also read specific books and websites or become a member of bloggers websites.
Write for someone for money
If you are a good writer, try to sell your articles to some websites, blogs, newspapers or magazines. There are a lot of websites which pay for content. All you have to do is find them and choose some which are appropriate for your competences.
Collaborate with free e-shops
If you have a lot of stunning pictures from your journeys, use them on products, for example, t-shirts and phone covers and get paid for it. You can collaborate with existing e-shops or even create your own e-shop. All you have to do is upload your pictures at e-shops and watch people ordering different things with your pictures on them. Usually e-shops take care of everything else – they are responsible for production, shipping and payments.
Make videos about travel guidelines, tips or just funny stuff from your journeys and upload them on YouTube. If video become popular, reaching thousands or even millions of views, YouTube pays some money, creating passive income for lifetime. There are a lot of sources where you can read tips on how to succeed on YouTube. You can also watch inspiring travel videos on YouTube and create your own.
Write a book
You might not have the time for book writing, but you have to know that there are some websites which create e-books from your already existing content, edits it and publishes in on several platforms of e-books for you for a share of profits. Nowadays there are not only conventional e-books, but also interactive e-books which contain audio, video, games and other files, therefore, it is a great opportunity to you to unite your content and your videos on YouTube.
Visit local markets and search unusual things which you cannot get anywhere else, for example, antique stuff, collectible stings, jewelery, decorations or high quality clothes. You can sell your stuff on eBay or sell it directly to buyers.
Do freelancing jobs
As you do not have much time for exploring during traveling, become a freelancer and do jobs which can be done almost anywhere in the world. You can be a travel guide, writer, copy-writer, translator, English teacher, graphic designer, photographer, artist, dancer, coach, marketing consultant, virtual assistant, journalist or even independent entrepreneur. Search for these job offers in specific websites.
One of the biggest pleasures of international journey is enjoying of local food, but such infections as travelers diarrhea, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Hepatitis A, cholera and many other infections mainly come from consuming contaminated food and drinks.
The first preventative measure is personal hygiene when traveling in countries which are less developed. As bacteria can be carried in the mouth with hands and cutlery, avoid putting fingers near your mouth and always wash your hands before eating. The second preventative measure is to be selective in what you choose to eat and drink. Of course, we cannot avoid the risk completely, but we can at least avoid the obvious sources of trouble. To prevent previously mentioned infections, follow the eating and drinking tips below.
- Do not eat food which is uncooked, undercooked or reheated;
- Do not eat raw and marinated fish, because marinade is not able to kill certain types of bacteria and parasites;
- Do not eat salads and fruits and vegetables which are unpeelable;
- Do not eat ice creams and other dairy products, unless they are labeled brand and internationally packaged;
- Do not eat sea products such as oysters, mussels, clams, mudcrabs and barbequed prawns;
- Do not eat food which has been exposed to flies;
- Do not eat food which requires a lot of time to prepare;
- Do not drink alcoholic and nonalcoholic drinks which contain ice, because there may be germs in the ice which are preserved, not dead;
- Do not drink water, if it is not boiled, bottled, purified or disinfected, presuming all other sources or water are contaminated.
- Eat food which is freshly cooked, for example, boiled, steamed or fried;
- Eat fruits and vegetables which are peelable;
- Eat food which is in cans or sealed packs of acceptable brand;
- Eat in busy restaurants which are serving local food;
- Eat with your own cutlery;
- Eat food which is prepared specially for you;
- Drink boiled water;
- Drink bottled and sealed water;
- Drink purified water which is purified with some of modern purifiers, because they eliminate any organisms and organic materials from water;
- Drink chemically disinfected water by adding iodine-based drinking water tablets to water before drinking;
- Drink cans of soft drink or local beer;
- Drink spirits and wine, because they are usually imported and thus safe.